- Launch date: December 18th
- Block-DMO Launch: T-12 hours
- Docking with Block-DMO: December 19th
- TLI: December 19th
- Lunar Encounter: December 23rd
- Radio Blackout (Dark side of the moon): December 24th - January 1st
- Earthward-bound Flight: January 2nd
- Re-Entry: January 4th
DIL-1 is the first time Humans will return to the Moon's vicinity since December 1972 when Apollo 17 left it. The Spacecraft will not enter lunar orbit but will pass 1000km from it. The least complex mission into vicinity of the Moon would include the launch of the Soyuz spacecraft with a crew of three by the Soyuz-2 rocket into the low-Earth orbit, where it would link up with the Block DM upper stage, launched separately onboard the Proton rocket. The upper stage would then fire its engine, boosting the Soyuz beyond the low-Earth orbit into a long loop, which would swing behind the Moon. The cosmonauts will have to live for 16 days in the confines of their spacecraft, but the Block-DMO, a modified version of the Block-DM specially designed for this mission, carries another Soyuz-type habitation module with a dock to be mated to the ACTS. The Block-DMO then serves both as propulsion and extra habitation space, as well as carrying redudant power and life support systems.
Due to the high degree of automation as well as limited scientific value of the mission, it has been allowed that two space tourists may be on board, if they may pay the price of $100 million each for the seat. Conditions on board are spartan, the only body hygiene available will be rub-on disposable towels and the toilet is little more than an anatomically welcoming succion tube. The longest part of the mission will be the week-long trek behind the radio shadow of the moon and the most gruelling will be an 11g ballistic re-entry after 16 days in weightlessness, so it must be said that the physical and psychological capabilities of the applicants must be thouroughly tested, as well as pass training to serve as a crewmember.
The mission will be highly televised and the ship carries digital videocameras and extra communications gear to enable high-quality footage to be broadcast directly to communications satellite who then redistribute it worldwide. There is a private video loop that does not have the weight of public eyes on it, for conferences with families and discussion of non-public information.
As the ACTS is made for Lunar operations, very little in the way of development is needed. DIL-1 will be the simplest kind of lunar encounter possible, but also the least productive in the terms of innovation. It is however an indispensible experience and precursor to future, much more complicated missions. It is quite clear that any mission so far beyond involves significant risks, however the risks for this mission are considered quite acceptable. Following the injection burn, nothing more need be done to bring the spacecraft back to earth as gravity will do it herself. The ship and Block-DMO aggregate have been designed for interoperability, and it is possible to revive an electrically or electronically dead Soyuz ACTS with the equipment and backup systems onboard the Block-DMO.
Soyuz-Fregat docking with Block-DMO
- Soyuz Launch date: September 9th
- Fregat Launch: T-24 hours
- Block-DMO Launch: T-12 hours
- Block-DM Launch: T+8 hours
- Docking with Block-DMO: September 10th
- TLI: September 11th
- LOI: September 17th
- Earthward-burn: September 24th
- Re-Entry: November 1st
In order to deliver Soyuz into orbit around the Moon, four rockets would be required. Two Protons would place a pair of Block DM orbital tugs and two Soyuz rockets would launch one manned spacecraft and one Fregat orbital tugs. All four vehicles would have to dock in the Earth orbit, from which one Block DM's would be used to send the Soyuz toward the Moon and another to insert the spacecraft into lunar orbit. The Fregat stage would then send the spacecraft from lunar orbit toward Earth. Here is where the experience from the previous mission, and reliable automation, pays off, having to coordinate a four-partner rendezvous. Skills will truly be put to the test to coordinate such a complex mission, hopefully the next generation of heavy-lift rockets will allow halving the number of launches required.
A lunar orbital flight will allow the Soyuz to perform a much more scientifically interesting mission, offering the possibility to orbit the moon at a very low altitude (down to a minimum of 2km in some orbital inclinations) and to survey it with human-operated modern equipment in real-time. The spacecraft will be fitted with a specially made IMAX camera in a bay, in a way similar to a spy satellite; while the crew will have access to the highest quality cameras that can be made. The spacecraft is set to remain in Lunar orbit for a week before the Earth Injection burn.
The Ishin rocket is also a potential ASAT weapon, the third stage could be easily be replaced by a homing killsat that can be used to destroy satellites; it is roughly analogue to the Vought ASM-135 ASAT. The Ishin-P (perekhvatchikov, interceptor) has a mated third and second stage fitted in addition with an Electrothermal sight, RCS thrusters, guidance hardware, radio command guidance and a 50kg proximity-miss warhead. It can reach satellites at a height of 2,000km and usually employs the "hit-to-kill" technique, the warhead exploding if a miss is detected. A 50kt thermonuclear warhead can be fitted, wich could vaporize missile and target and leave behind no mortal shrapnel that could endanger other satellites and provoke a deadly chain-reaction that would trap earth into an impenetrable prison of spinning debris for the next few hundred years.
|The first HOS will serve as the core of the new OPSEK station. It is expected to make full use of it's 12 docks and may feature more than 12 modules due to the ability to dock modules that you can dock other modules to, ect. The main purpose of OPSEK would be to support eventual manned interplanetary missions with the construction of structures in space that could not otherwise be brought up and to test new manufacturing techniques.|
|The LOS will be a 4 to 6 module station orbiting 100km above the moon. It will serve as a stop between earth and moon missions; providing infrastructure and transitory habitation for lunar explorers and colonists. It also serves as communications relay.|
|HOS-3 will be a geostationnary science-focused station that will serve as a better laboratory than the factory-like OPSEK.|
|LAG stands for Lagrange Point; as this station is intended to sit in the L4 LaGrangian point. It is part of a deep-space network of space stations supporting manned exploration of the Solar system.|
|These stations are known to be planned however no information is known about them; it is beleived that two of them are wanted by the Russian Space Forces.|
Role: Lunar lander; Manned Outpost; Cargo Delivery System
Crew: 4 or fully autonomous (0)
Height: 9.7 m
Diameter: 7.5 m
Landing gear span: 14.8 m
Volume: 31.8 m3
Ascent module: 10,100 kg
Consumables mass: 1,300kg
Cargo Return capacity: 2,400kg (400kg per Cosmonaut, 4,000kg total)
Descent module: 32,055 kg
Total: 42 155 kg
RCS: 445 N
Ascent Propulsion System
Fuel: Hypergolic; IRFNA/I30 superoctane kerosene
Engine: AJ-10-118K x 1
Thrust: 33.8 kN
Descent Propulsion System
Fuel: Cryogenic; LOX/LH2
Engine: 4x Extensible Cryogenic Engine
Thrust: 66.7 kN x 4
Endurance: 7 days (Sortie missions) Up to 210 days (Outpost missions)
Design phase: 2016-2018
Umanned orbital test flight: 2018
Final design phase: 2018-2019
TL7 Cert.: 2022